I think you’ll agree with me when I say, studying for HSC Economics is hard.  REALLY HARD.

There’s all this theory you need to learn, then there’s all the statistics and economics policies to memorise and they are always changing!!

Or is it?

Well, it turns out studying for HSC Economics can be east, if you know the 7 steps to follow….

We’ve based these steps on over 8 years of research with over 2000+ students who scored ATAR’s of over 98 and 10 years of experience tutoring HSC Economics.

So, what are you waiting for? It’s time to set yourself up to become a high-flying banker!

Step 1: Write HSC Economics Study Notes
Step 2: Work One Week Ahead
Step 3: Stay Up to Date with the Economy
Step 4: Integrate Case Studies and Statistics Into Your Study Notes
Step 5: Convert the Syllabus into Short Answer Questions
Step 6: Write Practice Essays
Step 7: Teach Weekly

Step 1: Write HSC Economics Study Notes

 The first step to acing HSC Economics is to consistently write your own study notes.

Why write study notes for HSC Economics?

  1. The textbook has lots of unnecessary information – writing notes helps you focus on the key content, in a way that’s structured more effectively for memory retention
  2. It helps you build a strong understanding of the course
  3. Ensures you’re covering all the content in a systematic way
  4. Enables you to integrate current examples and statistics from the economy

Writing Your Own Notes vs Using Another Student’s Notes

Across all the top students we’ve interviewed who aced HSC Economics (Band Sixers and State Rankers) NONE used other student’s study notes. Every single one created their own study notes.

This is so important, I’m going to repeat this. No top performing students for HSC Economics used other student’s study notes.

Sure, they would access them to get ideas and see how other people structured their notes and what they included in them.

But every single one of them then went away and created their own study notes.

How to write your HSC Economics Study Notes?

We’ve written up a specific more detailed article that goes through how to create your HSC Economics study notes step by step here.

Read it, print it, and follow it to create epic study notes!

Action Points:
  • Write your own HSC Economics study notes
  • Don’t use another student’s notes to study from
  • Other student’s study notes are useful for getting inspiration only
  • Follow this step by step guide here for writing your HSC Economics study notes

Step 2: Work One Week Ahead

Over the last decade we’ve tutored and interviewed a number of state ranking HSC Economics students, including students who’ve scored 1st in NSW. 

We’ve noticed one thing that all HSC Economics state rankers have in common:

They would work (at least) 1 week ahead of their class at school.

So for example, if their class was covering the topic, Australia’s Place in the Global Economy, syllabus dot point, ’Trends in Australia’s Trade Patterns’ they would have covered it the week before. 

In their own time would be working on syllabus dot point, Trends in Financial Flows – Debt & Equity (the next syllabus dot point ahead).

Why Work 1 Week Ahead?

Going 1 week ahead of your class is powerful for 3 reasons relating to memory retention and comprehension.

Reason #1: You Teach Yourself Content

When you go 1 week ahead, you have to teach yourself the content.

Generally speaking, when you teach yourself something (because you’ve had to really focus and put in more mental effort) you remember the material better.

Reason #2: Good for Memory Retention

Secondly, you get more levels of repetition (which is a key building block of memory) as you teach it to yourself.

You’ll hear the same content repeated in class, and then you’ll also complete any homework questions your teacher gives you, which means you’re getting an extra level of repetition.

Reason #3: Room for Questions

Finally, covering the material before you cover it in class means that in class you can really ask specific questions to really clarify your knowledge about the material, instead of asking really basic ones that the textbook likely covers.

How Do You Work 1 Week Ahead?

You might be thinking right now – OK, I’m convinced there’s lots of benefits in going 1 week ahead BUT…I’m struggling to keep up with all my study as it is right now.

How can you realistically work one week ahead?

The good news is that working one week ahead isn’t actually all that difficult! But it does require some planning!

Create Your Plan

The good thing about Year 11 and 12 HSC Economics is that the syllabus maps out exactly what your teacher at school will cover in very specific detail.

This means that you can look at the syllabus and identify which topics (assuming they’ll be covered in chronological order) will be covered each term.

So, here’s how we recommend planning to get 1 week ahead:
  1. Print out the HSC Economics syllabus – here’s the link!
  2. Identify which topic is going to be covered for each term – mark this down on the syllabus
  3. For each syllabus dot point in that term, identify the week you’re going to cover it in (e.g. Week 1, Week 2, Week 3 etc)
  4. Start covering the first syllabus dot points for that topic in the school holidays, the week before the term begins

That’s it! It’s that simple!

The key is using your last week of school holidays (for any holiday period) effectively to start getting ahead and covering what your class will cover Week 1 of that term.

This way, as your class moves through the syllabus during the term, you’ll remain 1 week ahead of your class.

What If You’re Reading This Mid Term and Want to Get Ahead?

The simplest way to get ahead if you’re in this position is to follow steps 1-3 above, and then:

  • Cover two weeks worth of syllabus content (based on your term plan in Step 3) this week

Yes, it means more work – but the good news is that it’s limited to 1 week of intense, hard work. Then you’re 1 week ahead and cruising.

So, to wrap all those steps up, let’s take a look at the action points:

Action Points:
  • Make a commitment to go 1 week ahead of your class in the HSC Economics course
  • Download and print out the HSC Economics syllabus – here’s the link
  • Go through the syllabus and map out which content will be covered in which weeks of each school term
  • If it’s the school holidays, use this time to cover the first week of content before school starts so you get ahead
  • If it’s mid-term, cover two weeks of content in 1 week and then follow the weekly plan

Step 3: Stay Up to Date with the Economy

Simply knowing the content for the HSC Economics course won’t get you a Band 6. It might get you a low Band 5.. If you’re lucky.

What distinguishes a Band 6 (and State Ranker) HSC Economics student from the other 6,000 students who sit the course each year, is the degree to which:

  1. You are familiar with what’s happening in the Australian and global economy
  2. Your ability to apply it as examples to support economic theory
Reason #1: In an exam paper there’s always 10-15% of questions that are ‘outliers’

These are unexpected questions that don’t necessarily fit the typical mould that require an in-depth understanding as opposed to rote memorising of the content.

It’s also these questions that top performing students get correct, thanks to staying up to date with the economy.

Reason #2: Showing that you’re up to date and intimately understand the economy is something the HSC markers look for

On the HSC Exam papers, at the top of each section it provides the ‘Marking Guidelines.’

Most students skip right over these in a rush to get to the question, but they’re actually really important.


Because it’s where NESA is telling you what you need to do to score top marks.

See this example here:

You’ll note that it specifically states: “apply relevant economic information, terms, concepts, relationships and theory”.


If you don’t use economic data – you’ve pretty much capped your essay at a Band 5 (maximum!). Therefore, to get the Band 6, you need to stay up to date with what’s going on in the Australian and global economy.

Spend 30 Minutes Each Week Reading the News over Breakfast

So how can you stay up to date with the economy each week?

You need to dedicate some specific time each week, although it can easily be done in down time that you have so it doesn’t feel like ‘study’.

A simple way to do is to make it part of a Saturday or Sunday breakfast routine (or every morning’s breakfast routine if you’re super motivated!)

We’ve got a great article on TV programs and news outlets you can watch and read to keep up to date on current economic affairs here!

When I was doing my HSC, I made it part of my Saturday morning breakfast routine. I’d pull out the weekend paper, and flick through the paper, stopping at any article that appeared to be about the economy.

I’d read it with a pen in hand, highlighting any relevant sections. I’d then also jot down what part of the HSC syllabus it related to.

Usually I’d find 2 articles that were relevant – all in simply 30 minutes of reading time while I ate breakfast. Simple and easy!

Read the RBA’s Monthly Minutes

Every month the RBA meets to make a decision on monetary policy.

In the following days they then publish a comprehensive set of minutes from their meeting with their rationale for the cash rate decision.

In this rationale, they include A LOT of information about the current state of the domestic and global economy.

That means reading through them is a fantastic way to get monthly up to date statistics and trends in the quickest amount of reading time possible!

You can find these RBA minutes here!

Watch Our Monthly HSC Economics Review Videos

Each month our HSC Economics teaching team at Art of Smart Education shoot a talk-show called the HSC Economics Review (#HER).

Here, we discuss the latest updates in the global and domestic economy and do a deep dive explaining why these changes have occurred while analysing the impact of these changes for Australia.

This analysis is key for your essays to score a Band 6, so watching these videos is a fantastic way to level up your critical analysis in your Economics essays.

You can watch the rest of our monthly HSC Economics Review videos here!

Use Evernote to Capture & Organise the Articles

A great way to digitally store the articles, highlights and notes you’ve made from reading news article, RBA minutes, or our HSC Economics Review videos is to use Evernote.

Evernote is a great app that works on all devices that enables you to take a picture of an article.

It then converts the picture into a text article which you can then tag/categories and it stores it in the cloud for you to access later. 

What’s brilliant is that you can categorise and tag the article based on what part of the HSC Economics course you think it relates to.

THEN, when it comes to creating your study notes, or studying for your exams, it’s super easy to search and find relevant articles with statistics and examples you can use for specific syllabus dot points and essay questions!

Action Points: 
  • Spend 30 minutes reading the new x 1 per week over breakfast
  • Watch our HSC Economics Review videos once per month
  • Download Evernote onto your phone and take picture/web clip relevant articles with economic data and case studies

Step 4: Integrate Case Studies and Statistics Into Your Study Notes

Want to score over 95% and get a state rank in HSC Economics? 

Then you absolutely need to integrate real world case studies and statistics from the economy into your study notes!

What is the Strategy?

Every HSC student (especially prior Trials and HSC when motivation kicks in!) with some time can learn the economic theory. After all, it’s in the textbook, and covered in class.

Therefore, as we’ve already noted, to really stand out, you need to show that you not only understand the economic theory, but you can APPLY IT TO THE ECONOMY as well.

This is a lot harder, given that the economy is always changing!

And this is why it’s what will distinguish you from scoring a Band 5/6 and achieving a State Rank

How Can You Do This?

The most effective way to do this is by actively integrating real world examples, case studies and statistics into your study notes in an intentional, planned and strategic way. 


Sure, if you follow Step 3 and stay up to date with the news, you’ll have a solid understanding of what’s going on in the economy.

BUT whilst under pressure in exams, you’ll need to remember the statistics, examples and identify which is the best one to use.

This can be difficult and often doesn’t result in THE BEST EXAMPLES being used for each part of the HSC course.

That’s why, if you take the time to update your notes every now and then by integrating real world examples, case studies and statistics you find, you’ll be intentionally selecting the best examples for each part of the course!

It also means that every time you study your notes, you’re also refreshing your memory of real world examples and statistics! So it’s got a double-win!

What Does it Look Like?

It’s really quite simple.

At the bottom of your notes for a specific syllabus dot point include a new sub-heading as follows:

Economy Case Studies & Statistics

  • And then in dot points underneath, include all the relevant examples and statistics you can use for this syllabus dot point that you’ve collected from your reading of the news!
  • But don’t just stop here – also include some analysis on this case study or example.
  • Are there any limitations, conflicts with other objectives, or more effective policies etc that could be used?
  • Make a note of this, because it’s this critical judgement about the economy that’s going to get you the extra marks!
Action Points:
  • As you complete writing your notes for each syllabus dot point, include relevant examples, statistics and case studies from the economy + analysis
  • Update these throughout the year as you find more examples and statistics

Step 5: Convert the Syllabus into Short Answer Questions

How long are your study notes? 40 pages? 50 pages? 70 pages? Do they feel like a mini-textbook?

Often when writing your study notes, it can be hard to work out what is important and needs to go into your notes, and what is additional/irrelevant material. 

That’s why Step 5 is so important!

How Does it Work?

Take your syllabus dot point – for example:

  • “Trends in Australia’s Trade Patterns”

Add Verb at the beginning and a question mark at the end and you can turn this into a short answer question:

“What are the trends in Australia’s trade patterns, and why have they changed over time?”

Once you’ve got this question, you can now use your study notes that you’ve written to write a response to this question.

Why Does it Work?

By having to respond to a mock HSC style question using your study notes, it forces you to consider what is actually important and helps you to evaluate the quality of your study notes.

  • Do you have the required information to answer the question?
  • Have you missed anything?
  • Have you got too much information?
  • Can you cut irrelevant things out of your notes?

2 Secret Bonus Benefits

There are also two additional very powerful reasons why you want to do this.

Benefit #1: You apply your knowledge

You write model answers to common questions for every single HSC dot point.

This means that you’re practising applying your knowledge to questions and every time you then review your study notes, you are actually also reviewing model answers to questions!

Benefit #2: You’re completing practice questions

As the year passes and you complete mock HSC style short answer questions for every syllabus dot point, you are also completing past HSC papers one question at a time.

So by the time HSC Trials and exams come around, without even realising it, you’ve been practising doing past papers and have likely completed 4-5 past papers worth of short answer questions!

When Should You Complete the Short Answer Questions?

Don’t wait until your assessment or exam is around the corner! By then it will be too late and you’ll feel that the task is simply too overwhelming to complete.

Instead, each week during the term as you complete a dot point of the course in class, work on your short answer question then.

This way, you’re tackling the unit in small chunks, and by the time you’ve arrived at your assessments and exams, you’ve already been doing lots of exam practice!

Action Points:
  • As you complete your study notes for a HSC economics syllabus dot point, turn it into a mock HSC style short answer question
  • Use your study notes to create a model response to the question
  • Use the model response to cut/add/improve your study notes
  • Integrate the model answer into your study notes
  • When studying and revising your notes, review the model answer each time as well!

Step 6: Write Practice Essays 

Do you write practice essays for HSC Economics?

A key difference between a Band Sixer and a State Ranker is the number of practice essays you write.

In fact, from 10 years of tutoring experience with HSC Economics, I can confidently say the following rule is true:

The #number of practice essays you write is directly proportional to your final result

Why is this true?

Writing essays is a great way to achieve a couple of goals at the same time.

Reason #1: 40 Marks out of 100 in your HSC Trials and Exams are Essays

40% of your total HSC Trials and HSC marks are essays. So it pays to be able to write killer essays as they are going to have a big impact on your marks.

They are also the place where students differentiate themselves from their peers to stand out and score a Band 6.

Overall, students will generally pick up fairly solid marks on multiple choice and short answer sections, but struggle to really get marks above 16/20 for essays.

So it’s where you can really be ahead of the pack!

Reason #2: Writing practice essays helps with short answers

Think about it, each paragraph in an essay is essentially a short answer response.

So by working on an essay, you’re actually killing two birds with one stone by also getting some short answer practice in for HSC Economics.


Reason #3: It helps you draw connections between topics

When you get taught HSC Economics in school, everything is taught, ‘ceterus paribus’ which means ‘all other things remain equal’. 

This basically means you get taught concepts and ideas in isolation – so you’ll learn about economic growth separately to inflation.

The idea behind this is that it makes it easier for you to understand how each concept works. 

The challenge however, is that in your assessments and exams, you’ll be asked to explore the connections between different ideas in the course.

If you’ve only focused on multiple choice and short answer questions, you won’t have developed this skill to be able to synthesise concepts across the entire course.

So writing essays during the year is critical for helping you build this skill!

Reason #4: It helps build your memory and understanding

Writing essays and having to go into more depth about specific topics is a great way to revise the content.

You have to include definitions, theory, diagrams, statistics, trends and analysis in essays. 

So, by writing these essays, you’re building up your memory and understanding across all key areas of the course.

How Many Essays Should You Write?

As the year progresses, you want to get strong coverage with your essays over the entire course.

We recommend that you write 2 essays per topic, with a total of 8 essays. That’s 2 per term, or roughly 1 every 5 or so weeks. 

So it’s super achievable.

What topics essays do we recommend?

TopicSuggested Essay Focus
The Global Economy- Case Study
- Protection and Global Trade
Australia’s Place in the Global Economy- CAD
- Exchange Rates
Economic Issues- Environment
- Income Distribution
Economic Policies- Macroeconomic Policy (Fiscal + Monetary) and its impact on Economic Growth, Unemployment and Inflation
- Microeconomic Policy with the Labour Market

How to Write a Band 6 HSC Economics Essay

We’ve written a comprehensive step by step article here that shows you exactly how to do it!

You can check out our article on how to write a Band 6 HSC Economics essay here

If you’re looking for some HSC Economics essay questions, you can check out our list here!

Action Points:
  • The number of practice essays you write is directly proportionate to your marks at the end of Year 12
  • The goal is to write 8 essays during the year leading up to HSC Trials – 2 per topic
  • This works out at roughly 1 essay every 5 weeks of school term, or 2 per school term

Step 7: Teach Weekly 

The final step in getting that Band 6 in HSC Economics (or that State Rank) is to teach someone weekly.

What’s the rationale behind this?

Reason #1: Teaching others increases your feedback loop

Ultimately the best way to improve is to get more feedback.

Quite often, the first time students receive feedback is when they get their exam or assessment results back.

This is the WORST time to get feedback because you can’t change it! 

If you could have received this feedback BEFORE the exam however, you could have changed the outcome.

When you teach someone, you get immediate feedback on how you are going – whether you’re right, or whether you could improve your answer.

So by teaching someone each week, you can identify your weak areas and focus on them to ensure you develop your understanding by the time exams come around!

Reason #2: It builds your memory

Teaching someone else has multiple levels of repetition.

You read your notes, you communicate the key ideas, the person asks you a question and then you reply.

This has at least 4 levels of repetition. Compare this to reading your textbook which has 1-2 levels of repetition.

Ultimately, memory building is about repetition – and the more levels of repetition you can fit in the same amount of time, the better!

Reason #3: It enhances your analysis

Finally, teaching someone else enhances your analysis!

This is because they will ask you questions, which forces you to think more about the connections that exist in the economic course.

You’ll also often find yourself getting into discussions and debates about whether the RBA will drop the cash rate, or whether the budget is effective, or if our unemployment rate is actually an issue.

This debate is critical, because you’re essentially developing your analysis here that you can use in your essays!

How Can You Implement Teaching Others?

There’s three simple options you can use to teach others!

Tip #1: Teach your family over the breakfast table as you read your news articles

So given that you’re going to be reading the paper each weekend at breakfast, looking at the key economics news, use this as an opportunity to teach.

Explain to your family the key points in the article, and what the impact will be for the Australian economy.

This is an easy way to integrate this into your week without it taking up additional time.

Tip #2: Form a study group

Find 1-2 friends who you are studying HSC Economics with and schedule in a weekly time (either during a free period or after school), where you can sit down and teach each other.

Each week, pull out the syllabus for what you have been doing at school. 

Then, identify the hardest parts that you are all having difficulty with and try to quiz then teach each other the content.

Additionally, you can also work on the short answer questions together. 

This will enable you to complete quicker, and to a higher quality as you are tapping into 3 brains instead of just yours!

Tip #3: Volunteer to help peers in your class at school

Let your teacher know that you are available to help any students in your class who might need some extra support via peer tutoring. 

This way, if anyone needs help, you can be the go to person to help them.

You might be thinking – “But I’m competing against my peers. They might get a better rank than me. Shouldn’t I focus on me rather than on helping someone else?”

Honestly, if you’re tutoring a friend, they’re likely struggling and ranking poorly, so it’s going to take a BIG improvement for them to outrank you. 

Additionally, by teaching them, you’re actually doing some of the best study ever from a memory point of view so you’re going to be also advancing in big leaps! 

This means you’re actually helping yourself by helping your peers!

Action Points:
  • Teach your family the key concepts from the news articles you read each week over breakfast
  • Form a study group with 2-3 friends so that you can increase your feedback loop and quality of your analysis
  • Volunteer to peer tutor any students in your grade who are struggling

And that wraps up our definitive guide to acing HSC Economics and getting that Band 6! Good luck!

Looking for some extra help with HSC Economics?

We pride ourselves on our inspirational HSC Economics coaches and mentors!

We offer tutoring and mentoring for Years K-12 in a variety of subjects, with personalised lessons conducted one-on-one in your home or at our state of the art campus in Hornsby!

To find out more and get started with an inspirational tutor and mentor get in touch today! 

Give us a ring on 1300 267 888, email us at [email protected] or check us out on Facebook!